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Rathnapura Gem mining Excursion, Sri Lanka

Region: ancient-cities | Location: Ratnapura
Sri Lanka Rathnapura Gem mining
 Other regions: capital-colombo | east-coast | hill-country | south-coast | west-coast
Rathnapura is nestled among verdant hills at the southwestern corner of the hill country. It is literally “The City of Gems”. It is famous for its precious stones, which have been mined here in extraordinary quantities since antiquity. The long-established industry of precious stone at Rathnapura produces rubies, sapphires, white, yellow, pink, orange, purple and blue star sapphires, ruby and star ruby, cat's eye, topaz, amethyst, moonstone, aquamarine, tourmaline, garnet, zircon, spinel and alexandrite.

In the district of Rathnapura there are more than 200 working gem mines. The mines are around 100 ft (30 m) deep, each with a series of interconnecting tunnels. The mining operation for gems has been virtually the same since the days of Alexander the Great except for the modern addition of water pumps for de-watering the pits. The supports for the excavations are still mostly consisting of logs. Firsthand experience of seeing the manual process of miners digging, washing & sifting the stones will definitely turn out be a memorable one.

Tours to the Ratnapura Region, Sri Lanka


  • Relevant Cities
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  • Sri Lanka Ratnapura Maps

Excursions of the ancient-cities Region, Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Anuradhapura Ancient City TourAnuradhapura Ancient City TourAnuradhapuraancient cities
 Anuradhapura ancient city in Sri Lanka is a magical place. Anuradhapura features some of the most ancient archaeological treasures in Sri Lanka dating back to the 4th century BC. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites that must be missed.

Sri Lanka Polonnaruwa Ancient City TourPolonnaruwa Ancient City TourPolonnaruwaancient cities
 Polonnaruwa ancient city remains one of the best planned archaeological relic sites in the country, standing testimony to the discipline and greatness of the Kingdom's first rulers. The ancient city of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

Sri Lanka Sigiriya Rock FortressSigiriya Rock FortressSigiriyaancient cities
 Sigiriya Rock Fortress is another fascinating World Heritage site dating back to the 5th century which was once a stronghold for a king who sought refuge. It remains on a 200 meter high rock with magnificent views of the surrounding jungle.

Sri Lanka Jungle TrekkingJungle Trekking ancient cities

Sri Lanka Hot Air Ballooning Sri LankaHot Air Ballooning Sri LankaDambullaancient cities
 Discover the ancient kingdoms and national parks in style. Hot air ballooning is now available in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka Dambulla Cave TourDambulla Cave TourDambullaancient cities
 Dambulla Cave Temple is the best preserved cave temple complex in the country with beautiful statues and paintings.

Sri Lanka Mihintale TourMihintale TourMihintaleancient cities
 Mihintale is a sacred mountain peak considered to be the location where Buddhism was first introduced to the island of Sri Lanka. The mountain peak is approached by a grand stairway of 1840 granite steps.

Sri Lanka Avukana Buddha statueAvukana Buddha statueKala Wewaancient cities
 The magnificent free-standing Avukana Buddha statue carved out of a single granite rock face during the 5th century is the tallest Buddha statue in existence today.

Sri Lanka Minneriya National Park SafariMinneriya National Park SafariPolonnaruwaancient cities
 Dominated by the ancient Minneriya Tank, Minneriya National Park has plenty of scrub and light forest in its 8890 hectares to provide shelter for its toque macaques, sambar deer, leopards and elephants – to name a few.

Sri Lanka Elephant Back SafariElephant Back SafariSigiriyaancient cities
 In the afternoon take an optional Elephant Back Safari through the forests and villages of Habarana/Sigiriya.

Sri Lanka Rathnapura Gem miningRathnapura Gem miningRatnapuraancient cities
 Sri Lanka is one of the top five gem-bearing nations in the world. The long-established gem mining area in Sri Lanka is Rathnapura, also known as the City of Gems. In between rich greenery and paddy fields, you will see locals gem mining.

Hotels related to Ratnapura Region, Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Bopath Fall Rock ChaletBopath Fall Rock ChaletUnclassifiedRatnapuraHotelInland Stay